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The History Of Nokia


Today, Nokia are the biggest mobile phone manufacturer in the world.

But back when the Nokia Company was founded, all they made was paper. The company was formed in Finland in 1871 when paper mill owner and engineer Fredrik Idestam went into partnership with his friend Leo Mechelin and called the new enterprise the Nokia Company, after the town of Nokia, where one of their paper mills was situated.

In 1902, they added electricity generation to their list of business activities, which was soon to overtake paper production as the most profitable part of the business. The first world war crippled the Nokia finances, and the firm had to be rescued by a firm known as Finnish Rubber Works, who produced galoshes and other rubber products.

In 1922, the company also bought Finnish Cable Works, makers of telephone, telegraph, and electricity cables, although the three firms remained separate despite their shared ownership.

In 1967, the three firms merged to form the Nokia Corporation. Between 1967 and 1990, the Nokia Corporation were involved, through their various divisions, in making a wide variety of products, including Wellington boots, automobile tyres, paper products, computers, TVs, capacitors and communications cables.

In 1990, in anticipation of the telecommunications boom that was to follow, they sold off or abandoned all their other interests in order to fund their burgeoning telecommunications business. The first electronic device manufactured by Nokia was a pulse analyser, to be used in nuclear power plants.

In partnership with another Finnish firm, Salora Oy, they developed VHF radio technology, and started the first Finnish radio telephone network, called ARP, which was the most successful of its kind in the world at the time.

Nokia made another telecommunications first in the late seventies, with the invention of the the first digital telephone switch, the Nokia DX200. They bought out Salora Oy in 1984 to form a new mobile telecoms division which was called Nokia-Mobira Oy, capitalising on their previous success with the ARP network.

They released the first commercially available radio telephone that could be used outside of a car, the Mobira Talkman, that same year. In 1987, they introduced the Mobira Cityman 900, one of the first hand held mobile phones, which was a huge success despite its ridiculous weight, bulky dimensions, and exorbitant price tag.

The firm changed their name from Nokia-Mobira Oy to Nokia Mobile Phones in 1989, and soon became the sole focus of the entire corporation.

Today they make and sell more mobile phones every year than any other manufacturer, and thanks to the camera phone explosion, is now also the biggest manufacturer of cameras in the world.

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  Published Date - June 19 2009
  Total Views - 466
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  Mr. Neo Nashville
Vodafone offer a huge range of mobile phones and price plans. If you like Nokia phones, you will love the Nokia N97 with its super fast internet.
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